EUROPEAN UNION
The European Union began with the establishment of the European Coal & Steel Community in 1951. The six founding members are France, German Federal Republic, Italy, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg.  The Treaties of Rome were signed March 25, 1957.  This established the European Economic Community and the Euratom.  These communities were merged into one institution called the Commission.

                                                     
The Commission

ECSC                     European Coal & Steel Community
EEC                       European Economic Community
EURATOM            European Atomic Energy Community


                                               The Euro

The Euro is the single currency used by most of the European Union's member states.  At present there are 15 Member States; 12 of which have accepted the Euro.  The other 3 are currently using their own currency.  All barriers of trade among them have been removed.

The European Parliament building and the European Union Council of Ministers Office are both located in Brussels, Belgium.
E
U
R
O
P
E
A
N

U
N
I
O
N

E
U
R
O
P
E
A
N

U
N
I
O
N
MEMBER STATES

Austria
Belgium
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Luxembourg
Netherlands, The
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom of
Great Britain &
Northern Ireland
YEAR JOINED

1995
1957 (FM)*
1973
1995
1957 (FM)*
1957 (FM)*
1981
1973
1957 (FM)*
1957 (FM)*
1957 (FM)*
1986
1986
1995
1973
# of Votes

4
5
3
3
10
10
5
3
10
2
5
5
8
4
10
CURRENCY

Euro
Euro
Danish Crown
Euro
Euro
Euro
Euro
Euro
Euro
Euro
Euro
Euro
Euro
Swedish Crown
Pound Sterling
CAPITAL

Vienna
Brussels
Copenhagen
Helsinki
Paris
Berlin
Athens
Dublin
Rome
Luxembourg
Amsterdam
Lisbon
Madrid
Stockholm
London
*FM (Founding Member)
References

The European Community, The Building of a Union by John Pinder- New Edition
A History of Europe, by Norman Davies 1996
Map of Europe
1826 Map of Europe
Most of these European Currencies have been discontinued.
The Euro (The European Monetary Unit) is the new currency for 12 of the 15 Member States.
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