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HEBREW CALENDARS AND LUNAR MONTHS

Moon


A Lunar Month is a period of time equal to the interval between two new moons.

 

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# Of Months
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Hebrew Calendar Names
Nisan* (Abib**)
Zif
Sivan
4th Month
Ab
Elul
Ethanim (Tishri)
Bul
Chisleu
Tebeth
Sebat
Adar (2 Adar***)

# Of Days
30
29
30
29
30
29
30
29 or 30
29 or 30
29
30
29

Corresponding Gregorian Months
March/April
April/May
May/June
June/July
July/August
August/September
September/October
October/November
November/December
December/January
January/February
February/March

 

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The Hebrew Calendar contains 12 lunar months of alternately 29 and 30 days each. Nisan (Abib), as we are told in the
Bible, is the beginning of months in a year. (Ex. 12:2, Ex. 13:4, Deut. 16:1, Esther 3:7). To keep the holy days in their
appropriate cycle it becomes necessary to insert an extra month into the Hebrew (lunar) year. This "leap month"- called
Adar II, is added seven times in a nineteen-year cycle in order to maintain a balance between the Hebrew (Lunar) year
and the Gregorian (Solar) year.

*Nisan is used after Adar II.

**Abib (¹The 1st month of the ancient Hebrew calendar corresponding to Nisan) is used after Adar.

***Adar II is added when there is a "leap month" in the Hebrew (lunar) year. It is added to the Hebrew (Lunar) Calendar
when there are 13 New Moons in the Gregorian (Solar) year.

If you notice above September was originally the seventh month, October the eighth, November the ninth, and December
the tenth month. As a rule always remember that December is the 10th month when calculating the 1st month of the year.

 

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2016 through 2020 New Moons (Jerusalem Time)

 calendar

 

 LEGEND:

2 NEW MOONS IN THE SAME MONTH - RED

 

 

The Roman Months
March (1st month)
April (2nd month)
May (3rd month)
June (4th month)
July (5th month)
August (6th month)
September (7th month)
October (8th month)
November (9th month)
December (10th month)
There were only 10 months in the Roman Calendar.
2 months were added: January & February.

Meanings
Mars (god of War)
Venus (Aprilis/Apru, Greek fertility goddess)
Maia (Italic fertility goddess)
Juno (Roman female deity)
Julius Caesar (Emperor of Rome)
Augustus Caesar (Emperor of Rome)
Septem (latin for the #7)
Octo (latin for the #8)
Novem (latin for the #9)
Decem (latin for the #10)
Janus (god of Beginnings)
Februa (female idol)

REFERENCES:

KJV Holy Bible
Holman Illustrated Pocket Bible Dictionary
http://www.timeanddate.com
http://www.mmcg.org/articles/calendar.htm

http://www.pixabay.com
Dictionary.com

¹Merriam-Webster.com

Fossilized Customs

BJ 04/05/05 Revised 03/05/10
Revised 2/08/16

Approved By Brother Buie

© The Israel of God 2016

 

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